One of the most often overlooked factors in the care of small animals is preventive health and veterinary care.
In the case of dumbo rats, these delicate creatures need attentive owners who can recognize signs of illness and distress and are able to quickly take proactive steps to ensure the health of their pets. Rats suffer from a number of illnesses and identifying the symptoms will enable an owner to enjoy the company of his rat for a long time.
Excess Weight and Tumors
Dumbo rats, especially females, are highly susceptible to the development of tumors.These may be either benign or malignant. However, there are three ways to prevent your rat from developing a tumor. Give your rat foods that are low in fat and calories; studies have shown a link between obesity and tumors. You could also purchase a rat from a breeder who has selected stock with a low tendency of tumors. You may also choose male rats over females, as they are not as susceptible to mammary tumors.
Rats develop skin diseases due to a variety of factors, mainly be due to parasites like lice or mites. The scratching can result in unsightly scabs that could become infected. Dumbo rats often develop allergies, fungal skin infections, or eczema. Selamectin, marketed under the product name ‘Revolution’ is a prescription liquid treatment that you can use if you suspect that your dumbo rat has lice or mites. If scabs have developed, apply a vitamin E cream or antibiotic to prevent infection.
Rats have one set of teeth in their lives, which are constantly growing. A rat needs the tooth on one jaw to keep grinding against the one on the opposite jaw to keep them in good health. If your dumbo rat loses a tooth or a tooth is damaged, the corresponding one on the opposite jaw will become overgrown. This is known as malocclusion and may result in painful sores and a dangerous loss of weight. For a rat suffering from this condition, it is possible to trim the tooth.